In the last part of Don Quixote, Cervantes demonstrates Sancho’s leadership. The Duke and Duchess give Sancho a isle to run as governor, all as elaborate prank. They put Sancho to the test by having Sancho deal with problems in the city.
Sancho’s perspective is key in this part of the book, and in life. Being a peasant himself, it helps him recognize what the peasants he looks over can do and who needs his help, and which peasant is lazy, and undeserving of help. This perspective is in stark contrast to the perspective of the leaders of the time. Most, if not all, leaders of the time were high class, and always looked down on peasants. Bringing Sancho’s perspective is a refreshing new way of running things.
Sancho is also a good enough leader that he knows when to give up the mantle of leadership. Most leaders will stay in power, even tho they are no longer doing right by their subjects. By having Sancho realize that this is more than he realized, and want to go back to his wife and farm, shows that Sancho knows that this job is more than he is comfortable with and his willingness to give up power is something to be admired.
Sancho’s leadership also evolves over this 2 part novel. Sancho first starts off following Don Quixote’s command with nothing more than sometimes a snarky remark, now Sancho is leading a whole group of people, and even takes the mantle from Don Quixote, and tries to keep adventuring with Don Quixote, and he slowly dies.